Filip Waldmann was born on December 25, 1987 in Mělník, Czech Republic. He received his first musical training on the violin at the age of six, and after six years of study, switched instruments to the contrabass. After studying a short time with Pavel Nejtek, he enrolled in 2001 in the class of his father, Jakub Waldmann, at the Music High School in Prague, where he received his diploma in 2007. Then he continued his studies at the Anton Bruckner Private University in Linz with Anton Schachenhofer and received his Bachelor's degree in November 2012.

Even during his student days, Filip Waldmann was gaining important orchestral experience by playing in national and international youth orchestras (Akademie Svatého Václava, Gustav Mahler Youth Orchestra) as well as by serving as a substitute in the Czech Chamber Orchestra, in the Bruckner Orchestra in Linz and  in the Vienna State Opera Orchestra.

In November 2009, he successfully auditioned for a vacant contrabass position at the Vienna State Opera, beginning his service there in December 2009. In 2012 he became a member of Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. He played already with many world-famous conductors as Daniel Barenboim, Zubin Mehta, Georges Pretre, Riccardo Mutti, Mariss Jansons, Simon Rattle, Valery Gergiev, Gustavo Dudamel, Kirill Petrenko on the most significant stages as Musikverein, Carnegie Hall, Suntory Hall, Teatro la Scala and others.

Filip Waldmann can also point to extensive chamber music activity and solo appearances. He has won numerous competitions, such as two first prizes at the Franz Simandl Contrabass Competition in 2006 and 2008, as well as participation in the ARD Music Competition 2009 and making it to the finals at the Markneukirchen Music Competition in 2011. As soloist he was accompanied by Bohuslav Martinu Philharmonic Orchestra, Czech Chamber Orchestra and others.

In the past few years he has been invited on a regular basis to be a jury member at many double bass competitions.

He is one of the founders of Ornamentum Philharmonicum. Ornamentum Philharmonicum is the first chamber music ensemble from the ranks of Vienna Philharmonic orchestra with a focus on performing baroque and classical music on period instruments from the era of Bach to Schubert. 

In the summer of 2015, he was the first to record the composition "Contrabassiano" by Ondřej Kukal with the composer himself conducting.

Filip Waldmann plays on Viennese double-bass made by Matthias Fux from 1691.